The article on the temple posted Aug. 25 describes a most ironic key to the Jewish temple location. The Muslim authorities have denied the existence of the Jewish Temple on the Temple Mount. They have destroyed evidence from crude diggings made on the site. The irony is that a major piece of evidence is preserved on the rock itself for all to see. This evidence is also preserved in the very fabric of the Muslim structure which they can never destroy or remove! You can see it in the picture below.
They cannot cut or modify the rock in any way. The right side is especially important as it contains ‘fingerprint’ marks of the archangel Gabriel, who in Muslim belief held the rock at this location to prevent it from ascending upward after Mohammad ascended upward. (This part of the rock is near a tower holding a piece of rock, and a few hairs from the beard of the Prophet.)
Notice that a railing surrounds the rock. Look an the right side of this picture (facing west). Here the rock, having a natural scarp, is at its highest side. Notice a part of the railing has a very slight bend in it conforming to the fact the base of the rock bows outward at the bend. You will notice the entire inner side of the fence is in deep dark shadow owing to a low base cut edge on the rock, but at the bend you can see the rock bowing outward.
When the fence was installed, the builders did not want to cut or modify the rock whatsoever, thus the visible bend in the fence at this point.
Now note that if we extend a line from to the left (eastward), it reaches the low (northern) edge of the hole in the rock. You can see light coming out of the hole from the lighted cave below the surface of the rock.
This bend in the fence due to the bowing of the rock’s base was on the axis line of the temple. This preserves to this day, the original axis (can also be called the central line or mid-line) of the Jewish temple.
The hole in the rock marks the bedrock under what was under the mid-line running through the Ulam or Porch of Solomon’s Temple, just before the doors. In Herod’s temple, this would have been on the mid-line going over the Temple’s threshold at the exact center of the inner courtyard (The Azarah).
The high area at the center of the rock, at the exact center of domed building which has a small visible trapezoidal shaped depression (or just to the left (eastward) of this depression), would have been the bedrock where dirt was obtained for the Bitter Water ritual (Sotah) just to the right into the Holy Place (Heickiel). Here a 1 cubit square paving stone could be lifted to expose this bedrock. The Dome of the Rock building is centered on or centered very close to the site where this paving stone would have existed in the temple.
The details and discussions of these and other matters concerning the temple are given in the article found here.